With the increasing pace of urbanization and living cost, the portion of expenditure has enforced families to cross over the old tradition and culture of joint family places. Retorting to the alterations in further open society, the notion of combined family house of numerous generation and relatives is gradually stepped out with fresh practice of several urban components with sporadic get together of family members to rejoice some main occasions. Evolving with minor family sizes and less private space requirement, the lesser urban apartment localities are building its own customs right into the housing marketplace. Similarly, such types of housing requirement is greater specially the families including professional parents needed to reside in such urban apartment community sharing common spaces and devouring a place with security.
Conversion towards housing society
Gradually the value of land area increase highly over time and the requirement of land with high intention for smaller family size have turned the urban residential zones to neighborhood community. The concept of small housing society evolves at a very high rate with every single decade. Such types of housing societies provide a notion to convert the inadequate land parcel to form multiple residential units constructing under the collaboration arrangement. By this way it formulates a society to mutually get the possession of the land and the other building amenity. The conversion from combined large family house to apartment society has completed the alteration of urban land price and influencing smaller units to single building cooperatively possessed by a small number of households. Old-style family courtyard communities have been significantly interchanged by the cooperative buildings with secure facility zones.
High-tech space modifications
Advanced technology has always dedicated to outline the space it claims including the houses and in public places too. The evolution of TV initially reformed the serviceable features of family living/drawing zone of a home and later it is more approaching of personal computer necessitated space for its efficient requirements. For instance the technology modifies its overall form and outline, so the necessity of the space that provides to its purpose. At present, introduction of Wi-Fi connectivity and touch screen easily movable devises, the requirement of distinct spaces is no longer relevant and the devices can easily move everywhere in the living room surrounded by the open planning internal space of minor urban units. With the provision of such modern facilities the outlook of internal spaces can be decorated and shuffled on user’s basis.
Though this study tried to relate the housing types with the society to find out the physical environments Dhaka city to understand the physical home environment which has barely originated any differences as far as social communication is concerned. In fact, socio-cultural aspects are more powerful than religious factors and that there are comparisons in the development of physical layout as their key active space was the courtyard. Undoubtedly, social and spatial structures are thoroughly interconnected; nonetheless, in daily life the observation of spatial foundation is fundamentally inherent. Though surroundings modify space, but in returns it is shaped by society. Consequently, society maintains its origin in developing space; however space, actually a physical unit, preserves the social configuration that inhabits it. In the urban background, these dominant social impacts have also directed the improvement of physical configurations. Like one of a straight outcome of colonial reigning in Bengal throughout the late 19th and initial 20th century was the formation of urban social elite. Although in Dhaka the original landlords were Hindu, the male reception area was detached from the female area, where confidentiality seems to be the most significant factor. Remarkably, for the Dhaka case, to deliver privacy became more difficult when Muslim occupiers came in the second phase, where the whole house was subdivided into smaller family units.
Nonetheless, this releases a further debate whether the ever varying social relationship in the modern time and the alteration of the dwelling space are incapable to deliver the desired privacy which once played the major part in a Muslim society. It has been detected that in Dhaka city, old dwellings in the traditional neighborhoods have gone through extensive change and conversion mainly due to economic motives. Landlords converted their old houses either into economic enterprises or to rental units. Accommodation became the main priority rather than the social interactions and the replacement of homogeneous people with a more heterogeneous was comprehended. In recent times, urbanization in Dhaka has sustained and set incredible pressure on inadequate residential land. So with this urbanization trend, house form has converted even more combined, and obliviously buildings have gained in height. Thus, transformations in the income level and job status made such neighborhoods more crumbled and intimidating. These features also specify the changes in the lifestyle of the residents of our contemporary age where not only the physical revolution but the social action also formed long term influence that is slowly decreasing the neighborhood connection and therefore identity. Recently, in the modern developing morphology of multistoried apartments, the courtyard is actuality exchanged by an interior family drawing room. Living practices are always varying with the time, the requirement of space is exchanging, the action associated to the vital space is shifting, nevertheless the core notion of space hierarchy endures to readjust its space provisions to imitate the climatic requirement of the building and the ethnic admiration to the architecture which is too much home developed. This paper identifies the conversion of living spaces and its altering features from traditional communities to current housing society through diverse segments. Urbanization with modern technology and its influence on the civilization and culture, and finally on housing spaces have been acknowledged in this research. Humanities are molded through diverse cultural endurance, and different times revealed to diverse persuading features. The study has concentrated on the conversions of urban residences for the intermediate urban population of Dhaka illustrative of urban working mainstream. This study revealed that the traditional community scheme has sustained, despite all the restraint of regulations and physical planning during the last four decades. The traditional sets are now reallocated in the new neighborhoods, but with clear physical borders and less physical connectedness.
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