Unplanned childbirth in teens also leads to medical risks and causes problems in the development of the child. Studies show that adolescents younger than 17 years have a higher risk of medical complications involving the mother and child than adult women do (Klein, 2005). Because teen pregnancy is looked down upon by society, many teens who become pregnant are in denial or are scared to tell others, which can lead to some very severe health risks in the child. Low birth weight is very common in children of teen mothers because the mother doesn’t gain the amount of weight needed during pregnancy (“Teen pregnancy and,” 2008). This can lead to organs that are not fully developed which can cause bleeding in the brain, respiratory distress syndrome, and intestinal problems (“Teen pregnancy and,” 2008). These children are also less likely to receive proper nutrition, healthcare, and cognitive and social stimulation, which may cause them to perform lower academically (“Teen pregnancy and,” 2008). It has been proven that children of teen mothers have increased risks of developmental delay, academic difficulties, behavioral disorders, substance abuse, early sexual activity, depression, and becoming adolescent parents themselves (Klein, 2005).
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