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There are many internal factors that helped bring about the collapse of the Tokugawa Shogunate

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There are many internal factors that helped bring about the collapse of the Tokugawa Shogunate.
The collapse of the Edo period became apparent in the early 1800s. Failure of many crops and unreasonably high taxation caused hardship for many living in shogunate Japan. As a result, many people were extremely hungry. Lots of farmers were forced to sell their land so that they could make money, but because of this, they had to become tenant farmers. The taxes for the poorer people started to increase rapidly and this was the cause of many riots. The Shimabara Rebellion was one of the uprisings, which lasted from 17th December 1637 to 15th April 1638. The uprising got so bad that an army of 100,000 troops was unable to stop them. An estimated 37,000 rebels were beheaded by shogunate forces. This marked the end of the rebellion.
The price of rice became so high due to crop failure that many people had extremely little to eat as they could not afford enough food. The samurai and daimyo classes also suffered as they fell into debts that they were unable to repay. The Bakufu did not help the situation for the poorer people but instead cancelled the debts owed by the samurai and daimyos. The Bakufu also abolished most of the merchants and craftspeople and forced peasants in cities into the countryside to become farmers. The shoguns also decided that they wanted to isolate Japan from the rest of the world, only allowing a few Dutch ships to trade.
The high taxes, crop failure and attempt to isolate to Japan from the rest of the world all hugely impacted the collapse of shogunate Japan. All of these internal factors led to the Japanese being dissatisfied with the leadership of the Shoguns.

There are many internal factors that helped bring about the collapse of the Tokugawa Shogunate.
The collapse of the Edo period became apparent in the early 1800s. Failure of many crops and unreasonably high taxation caused hardship for many living in shogunate Japan. As a result, many people were extremely hungry. Lots of farmers were forced to sell their land so that they could make money, but because of this, they had to become tenant farmers. The taxes for the poorer people started to increase rapidly and this was the cause of many riots. The Shimabara Rebellion was one of the uprisings, which lasted from 17th December 1637 to 15th April 1638. The uprising got so bad that an army of 100,000 troops was unable to stop them. An estimated 37,000 rebels were beheaded by shogunate forces. This marked the end of the rebellion.
The price of rice became so high due to crop failure that many people had extremely little to eat as they could not afford enough food. The samurai and daimyo classes also suffered as they fell into debts that they were unable to repay. The Bakufu did not help the situation for the poorer people but instead cancelled the debts owed by the samurai and daimyos. The Bakufu also abolished most of the merchants and craftspeople and forced peasants in cities into the countryside to become farmers. The shoguns also decided that they wanted to isolate Japan from the rest of the world, only allowing a few Dutch ships to trade.
The high taxes, crop failure and attempt to isolate to Japan from the rest of the world all hugely impacted the collapse of shogunate Japan. All of these internal factors led to the Japanese being dissatisfied with the leadership of the Shoguns.

Given the evidence, we can deduce that the internal factors set the scene of dissatisfaction amongst the people of Japan and mistrust of the Shoguns. The crop failure, high taxes and attempt at isolation all made the Japanese people question the power and authority of the Shoguns, which meant when outside influences arrived, they were weakened against them. This is significant because the Shoguns had always claimed to be the ultimate power and yet the westerners had more advanced machinery and were able to force the Shoguns into submission. It can be judged then that the external forces were more impactful on the collapse of Shogunate Japan. The external facotrs causing the demise included Matthew Perry opening up trade in Japan which led to cheaper foreign products wiping out local goods and industries. This led to the anti-foreign outbursts and dissatisfaction with the leadership of the Shogunate.

An examination of both internal and external factors would suggest that internal social changes might have brought down the shogunate government evntually, it was ultimately the external pressures that sped up the collapse. The internal factors had created a situation where the shogunate claimed all power but had created economic weakness through a policy of isolationism and the external factors highlighted the weaknesses within their system.