‘The Lord of the Flies’ is another name for the devil. It perhaps comes as no surprise that in a book with this title, perspectives on evil and savagery feature as a central concern. In the book, author William Golding goes to great lengths to increase the reader’s understanding of what is morally wrong. In particular, Golding uses the beast as a symbol of inherent evil that exists within humanity, and this is most clearly shown by Simon and the boys’ relationship with the beast.
As the boys savagery escalates, it seems the beast has become significant in more ways than one. This is clear in chapter 8, when Simon has a hallucinatory conversation with a pig’s head on a stick. The pig tells Simon, “…I’m the beast”, then as their conversation delves deeper, the dead sow utters, “You knew, didn’t you? I’m part of you? Close, close, close! I’m the reason why it’s no go? Why things are what they are?”. It’s important to note that, the boys think the beast is a physical being with wings and claws (chapter 6, p. 124). But Simon calls another form of the beast as a dead sow, also known as ‘The Lord of the Flies’ – this shows that the monster takes on more than one form, depending on how people see it. A part of ‘The Lord of the Flies’ statement – “why things are what they are?”- refers to the boys gradual change when the rules of society disappear – that they have given in to their savage-like instincts, especially when they murdered a sow, that had newborns (chapter 8, p. 170). Then, ‘The Lord of the Flies’ suggests that it is the reason for the boy’s gradual change, when it says “I’m part of you”. From this, readers are invited to see monsters, not as physical beings, but as mere existences inside humans. Unfortunately, Simon’s life is short – lived, when he learns the truth that the