Poverty, education, family background, personal decisions and family circumstances are main external factors that can influence by the environment.
Poverty effects on diet, housing and play and leisure opportunities. Children growth and develop, and they need a balanced diet. Families with low income may have cheaper food, which contains high amount of saturated fat, salt and sugar and have a minimum of nutrition value. This type of food can lead malnutrition and obesity in children; they can become lethargic, hyperactive and unsettled. Lack of certain vitamins and minerals can lead to certain health conditions, such as: lack of Vitamin B-1 and B-12 may cause nerve system damage, and lack of Magnesium, Potassium and Vitamin D may cause of fatigue.
Family background and circumstances are vital. Not all of parents can provide children suitable diets, care and play opportunities; it can be caused by factors as drugs or alcohol abuse or depression. Break-up of the parents can make child feel withdrawn; lose interests in school and education. Children getting older become more independent and can make their own choices being influenced by other peers using drugs and alcohol that can effect on child’s development, such as cannabis for brain development or eating unhealthy fast food that can lead obesity. Attending educational settings, church, clubs and groups are giving a child opportunity and promote social and moral development, as well as develop a child’s intellectual development.