Nero Claudius Caesar Augustus Germanicus, also called (50-54 CE) Nero Claudius Drusus Germanicus, the original name was Lucius Domitius Ahenorbarbus. (born December 15, 37 CE, Antium, Latium- died June 9, 68 CE, in Rome.
In 40 CE, Nero’s father, Gnaeus Domitius Ahenobarbus died, and Nero was brought up by his mother, Julia Agrippina. Julia Agrippina was a great-granddaughter of the late emperor Augustus. After Agrippina murdered her second husband, she incestuously became the wife of her uncle, the emperor Claudius. Agrippina persuaded Claudius to favor Nero and make him the sole heir over his son Britannicus and to have Nero marry his stepsister Octavia.
In 53 CE, Agrippina arranged her son Nero and the daughter of Claudius to get married. Agrippina was doing everything in her power to sideline the emperor’s son Britannicus from gaining the control as well as the throne.
In 54 CE Agrippina arranged the murder of her husband Claudius with a poisoned mushroom. Agrippina finished her work when she poisoned Britannicus in 55 CE. After the death of her late husband Claudius, Agrippina at once had Nero proclaimed emperor by the Praetorian Guard. A young boy that was not yet 17, for the first time for the Roman Empire, had absolute power. They thought that because of Nero’s atmosphere that he was brought up in that he would be a monster upon his accession as emperor in 54 CE, but that was not the case. Nero put an end to the apparent features of the late emperor Claudius. Such as the secret trials before the emperor, the dominance of corrupt freedmen, and he accorded more independence to the Senate.
In the first five years that Nero was in his position as emperor, Nero gained a reputation for political generosity, power-sharing with the Senate and ending closed-door political trials, he pursued his passion but left the ruling up to the Stoic philosopher Seneca, the perfect Burrus, and his mother, Agrippina. However, eventually, the encouraged Nero to become independent and to stop listening to his controlling mother, Agrippina.
In 56 CE Agrippina was forced into retirement. From 56 CE- 62 CE Burrus and Seneca were the effective rulers of the empire. Agrippina turned against Nero, promoting her stepson Britannicus as the true heir of the throne and began to protest Nero’s affair with his friend’s wife, Poppaea Sabrina. When Nero found out that his mother was plotting to kill him in 59 AD, Nero planned to drown his mom in a collapsible boat but failed, so he had her stabbed to death in her villa. After killing his mother, he divorced Octavia, accused her of committing adultery, had her exiled and executed and then in 62 he married Poppaea. Nero took it hard after their firstborn died after three months of their daughter’s birth. Three years later in a casual outburst of rage Nero murdered Poppaea with a single kick in the belly. Not only that but he had his infant cut out of the stomach of Poppaea after her death. After the end of his second wife, he fell in love with a young man that looked like his wife named Sporus. Nero had his castrated and brought back, and the young man took the name of the young lady or queen.
In 59 he started private events where he sang and performed at the lyre and encouraged members of the upper class to take dancing lessons. His most lasting event was the recreation of Rome when the fire destroyed most of the city. 1964, early in the morning a fire broke out in the shops around the Circus Maximus spreading quickly throughout the city. When Rome burned during the great fire, Nero was seen playing his fiddle on the roof. Nero was trying to make it look like he had nothing to do with the firs. Three of Rome 14 districts laid in ruins, and seven were severely damaged. Rumors spread through quickly stating that the emperor had started the fire to clear land for an expanded palace complex on the Palatine Hill.
Nero blamed the fledgling Christian religion for the fire and ordered all manner of creation and brutal persecution. Some were made to dress in animal skin and torn up by dogs, while others burned to death in nighttime pyres that provided light for the emperor’s garden parties. Nero’s final years as emperor, the Roma empire was under high stress, the reconstruction cost in Rome, revolts in Britain and Judea, conflicts with Parthia, and the rebuilding expenses in the capital forced him to devalue the imperial currency.
In 65 Nero ordered the deaths of a perfect and several senators and officers due to the face of a high- level of conspiracy to assassinate the emperor. Nero took an extended tour to Greece because of things falling apart at home.
In 68 when Nero returned home he failed to address some concerns Praetorian Guard declared allegiance to Galba, and the Senate followed suit, announcing Nero, an enemy of the people. Nero tried to leave but found out that he was going to be arrested and executed by being beaten to death, but they only intended on bashing his skull in. As the army started closing in on Nero, he committed suicide by stabbing himself in the throat.
Copyright 2019 - Education WordPress Theme.