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In the 17th century

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In the 17th century, King Louis XIV was crowned king & he ruled the thrown at the young age of five in France when his father had died. This ruler was notable throughout European history and in this period of time, civilization was marked by a discontent composure and an uneasy way of life within the social classes. His style of ruling was an absolute monarchy where he had full control of government and his power was not defined by a constitution or the law. As the highest leader of France, King Louis XIV engaged a workshop that consists of artists architects such as a painter named Hyacinthe Rigaud, who became the foremost painter to the king. According to author Jones (2014), “Hyacinthe Rigaud’s famous state portrait of King Louis XIV in full regalia presents the king at the height of his powers, framed in an ostentatiously theatrical setting… Crown, sceptre, great sword of state, and heavy fleur-de-lys ermine robes evoke the putative timeless nature of the French monarchy, then at the zenith of its power.” (p. 16-17). The beautiful painting (as seen on the cover page) painted by Hyacinthe Rigaud contains three important elements that depicts the importance of the king’s appearance & dress during his reign that includes the ermine robe, red high-heeled shoes, & his wig for hairstyle.