Describe Jean Piaget’s Theory of Moral DevelopmentJean Piaget’s Theory of Moral Development was based around the concept of two stages of moral development. The first stage was that children between the ages of 5-10 years old see the world as heteronomous mortality (Ryan, 2011). Heteronomous mortality is where children base their opinion on results of action (Slavin & Shunk, 2017). Within heteronomous morality children see rules as something set by individuals they consider “authority” and those rules are unbreakable. Children with this type of morality refuse to break the rules set in place because they associate rule breaking with negative consequences (Slavin & Shunk, 2017). Thus, children do everything they can to not break the rules all together. Starting at about age 10 children’s morality begins to change; this change of morality goes from heteronomous to autonomous (Ryan, 2011). Autonomous morality is where children base opinions on intent of an action (Slavin ; Shunk, 2017). Children begin to distinguish between action and consequenceat this point. Children begin to view rules as a guideline set by an agreement within society and somethingthat is not set in stone (Ryan, 2011). Children do still follow rules but believe rules can be flexible and negotiated if needed. Children now, begin to base decision of following the rules or not by evaluating the effects it will have on themselves and others (Ryan, 2011).Describe Lawrence Kohlberg’s Theory of MoralDevelopmentLawrence Kohlberg’s theory is based off of three key levels of moral development that progress over time: (1) Pre-conventional (2) Conventional (3) Post-conventional (Ryan, 2011). The pre-conventional level occurs before age nine. The pre-conventional level is categorized by egocentrism. Egocentrism is defined as children believing that others view things the exact way that they do. The pre-conventional level of moral development is based on the fear of punishment and they value the benefits for themselves.
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