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Chapter 1

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Chapter 1: Culminating Activity
The subject of “Man Takes First Steps on the Moon”, written by The Times of London is the first moon landing in 1969. The purpose is to announce and inform readers of the newspaper about the moon landing. This article appeals to ethos by quoting two of the astronauts on the mission, Neil Armstrong and Edwin Aldrin. This article also appeals to pathos by announcing the success of Apollo 11, which can provoke happiness in the reader. Lastly, this article appeals to logos by using specific details of the moon landing, making it more credible for the audience. The purpose of the text was to announce and inform readers about the moon landing. The text did exactly that, therefore making it effective.
The subject of “In Event of Moon Disaster”, written by President Nixon’s speechwriter William Safire is also the moon landing. The purpose is to mourn the loss of Neil Armstrong and Edwin Aldrin in the event of a disaster during the mission. This speech appeals to ethos by appealing to the values of unity throughout the speech. This speech also appeals to pathos by using a mournful tone during the speech. Lastly, this article appeals to logos by using facts that are true from the past. The purpose of the speech was to honor Neil Armstrong and Edwin Aldrin. The speaker connected with the audience in order to do so, therefore the text was effective in achieving its purpose.
The subject of “The July 16, 1969, Launch: A Symbol of Man’s Greatness”, by novelist Ayn Rand is the launch of Apollo 11. The purpose of this commentary is to show readers how amazing man can be, even though they are so small they can accomplish huge things. This commentary appeals to ethos by using the true events of the Apollo 11 launch to build credibility. This commentary also appeals to pathos by using euphonious diction to provoke shock and amazement in the audience. Lastly, the commentary appeals to logos because of the logical statement Rand starts her commentary with. The purpose of the commentary given by Ayn Rand was to tell the audience how amazing man is, and how amazing things can be accomplished by them. By using the idea of going to the moon as an example of an amazing thing man can accomplish, Rand achieves the purpose of her text.
The subject of “Transported”, an editorial cartoon by Herblock, which appeared in the Washington Post on July 18, 1969, is the moon landing. The purpose of this cartoon is to show the audience how the moon landing distracted them from how chaotic the world was and still is. This cartoon appeals to ethos since Herblock is a famous cartoonist, and has credibility. This cartoon also appeals to pathos, Herblock is trying to make the audience feel disappointment in knowing that the cartoon is true. Lastly, this cartoon appeals to logos by using words such as war, poverty, and prejudice in reference to current events. The cartoon accomplished its purpose by showing the audience how focused they are on the moon landing and not the chaos of the world.

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